According the Wikipedia (doenst mean I cant explain — just to get the full details – hehe),details about Solo history are:
This is the older of the two royal cities in Central Java (the other is Yogyakarta), and its ruling family can lay claim to being the rightful heirs to the Mataram dynasty. Like Yogya, Solo has two royal palaces and a number of museums, yet its tourist industry is nowhere near as developed. The city’s main source of income is from textiles, and Solo has the biggest batik market on Java. Solo also makes an ideal base from which to visit the home of Java Man at Sangiran, as well as the intriguing temples Candi Ceto and Candi Sukuh.
Founding The Dynasty
Serials of wars were clashed between the Adipati (dukes) following the death of the last Sultan of Demak Bintoro, the first Islamic kingdom in Java. One of prominent powerful dukes was Jaka Tingkir, son-in-law of the late sultan. After defeated the last opponent duke of Jipang-Panola, Jaka Tingkir aka. Sultan Hadiwijaya claimed the throne and moved the capital to the city of Pajang, located ï¿½ 8 miles from the present-day Surakarta. His adopted son, Sutawijaya, set a conspiracy and killed him with the favor of an assassin. Then, he ascended the throne and once again, moved the capital to Mataram in present-day province of Jogjakarta, and the new dynasty was founded. It was such an irony to find out that Sutawijaya was the man of the battle which fought against the duke of Jipang-Panola and killed the duke, gained the victory for Pajang. Continue reading